Pallone, Environment Chair Paul Tonko (D-N.Y.) and Energy Chair Bobby Rush (D-Ill.) unveiled the bill at a virtual press conference. They plan to take up the legislation through regular order.
Pallone also acknowledged that the bill did not call for imposing a price on carbon emissions, since that type of measure lacked political support.
“We don’t have a carbon tax … I think it’s time to try something new,” he said. “The votes are just not there for a price on carbon.”
Clean energy standard: Arguably the most consequential title is a clean energy standard, which would create a credit trading system for utilities to meet clean energy goals. Utilities would get at least partial credit if their carbon intensity is lower than 0.82 tons of carbon dioxide per megawatt-hour of power — including emissions calculated from producing and transporting the energy to the utility — through 2030 but that threshold would drop to 0.4 by 2035.
That approach would mean that natural gas power plants would not be able get partial credits without implementing carbon capture and sequestration technologies by the mid-2030s, although they would play a role in the energy transition during the 2020s. As structured, the standard also includes labor protections for the construction of new generating units.
New provisions: Overall, the legislation would authorize $565 billion in spending over ten years as the U.S. pursues deep decarbonization efforts. It includes a host of new provisions in areas like environmental justice, energy transition, waste reduction and transportation.
The bill would create a national green bank, seeded with $100 billion, to leverage public money for investments in new technologies needed to hit emissions reductions goals. The legislation also includes a requirement that 40 percent of funds go toward environmental justice communities that have suffered persistent pollution — a priority for the Biden administration.
The Democratic bill also would direct the Securities and Exchange Commission to require disclosure from public companies about their climate-related risks. And it seeks to aid communities affected by the transition to cleaner energy through a host of new programs, including one providing federal grants to communities suffering significant losses of revenue as fossil fuel production drops.
“We’re not leaving anyone behind here, we’re offering the vision for America’s future,” Tonko said. “Every person listening: You, your family and your community have an important role to play.”
There’s a new title of the bill aimed at waste reduction through new programs like a national bottle deposit program. It would temporarily pause permitting new or expanded plastics production facilities while EPA enacts new Clean Air Act regulations to limit emissions.
It also sets a new, interim national goal of reducing emissions 50 percent below 2005 levels by no later than 2030.
Environmental justice focus: The new environmental justice provisions would notably establish a grant program to finance lead drinking water service line replacements. That effort would prioritize disadvantaged communities and include requirements for U.S.-made raw materials and strong labor protections.
In addition, the bill sets a ten-year deadline for the cleanup of Superfund sites vulnerable to the impact of climate change and would limit the issuance of permits in census tracts facing significant pollution problems.
It would also require environmental justice training for federal employees at agencies and set up an environmental justice clearinghouse at EPA.
Hot docs: Full text of the CLEAN Future Act is available on POLITICO Pro, as well as a section-by-section summary and a summary of major changes to this year’s legislation.